Links to aluminium supply and demand
|Rank||Country||World Production, By Country (Thousand metric tons) in 2009|
|9||United Arab Emirates||1,009.77|
|26||Iran, Islamic Republic Of||250|
|32||Bosnia and Herzegovina||96|
- The Rusal-SUAL-Glencore merger, United Company Rusal, created the world’s largest aluminium and alumina producer with operations in 17 countries on 5 continents. They produce 3,9 million tonnes of aluminium per annum from 10,6 million tonnes of alumina and have 12,5% of the global aluminium market and 16% of global aluminium production. Sual operates the North-Ural and Timan bauxite mines in Russia and produces 4,5 million t per annum for its 12 refineries and smelters. (See Rio Tinto's subsequent acquisition of Alcan below.) [more]
- Alcoa Inc used 40,6 million tons of bauxite in 2004 of which 31 million tons came from own reserves and 9,6 million tons from other sources. Own operations are in
- Alcan owns, operates or has an interest in seven bauxite mines and deposits, including deposits in the bauxite-rich countries of Australia, Brazil and Guinea. (It takes four to five tonnes of bauxite, depending on the ore’s quality, to produce about two tonnes of alumina, which in turn yield one tonne of aluminum.) It also owns, operates or has an interest in a total of 11 smelter-grade alumina refineries and specialty alumina plants around the world. It produces 9,4% of the world's aluminium. Alcan and Saudi Arabian state-owned mining company Ma'aden signed a deal in April 2007 to develop a US$7-billion aluminum "mine-to-metal" project in Saudi Arabia, including bauxite mining, alumina refining, power generation and aluminum smelting. Alcan will hold a 49 per cent stake in the project and provide technology and operating management support, with Ma'aden holding 51 per cent.The initial operations feature a power plant delivering 1,400 megawatts; a 90-million-tonne bauxite reserve in Az Zabirah, northern Saudi Arabia, representing a potential 30 years of mining; an alumina refinery with a capacity of 1,600 thousand tonnes per year; and an aluminum smelter with a capacity of 720,000 tonnes per year.
- Aluminium Corporation of China Ltd (CHALCO) is the only producer of alumina and the largest producer of primary aluminum in China, with approximately 4,3 million tonnes of aluminium products (including aluminium, aluminium hydrate and aluminium chemicals) in 2000. The company supplied approximately 70% of all aluminium products consumed in China in that year which made them the third largest producer of aluminium in the world.
- Rio Tinto operates the Weipa mine in Queensland, Australia, and produced 15,474 million t of bauxite in 2005. The company owns or has an interest in refineries and smelters in Australia, New Zealand, Sardinia and the UK. Rio Tinto has agreed to buy Canada's Alcan Inc. for $38.1 billion to create the world's biggest aluminum producer, the two firms said on 12 July, 2007.
- Norsk Hydro (Norwegian State-43%) produced 1,8 million tonnes of primary aluminium in 2005 or 4% of global production.
- BHP Billiton is the world's sixth largest producer of primary aluminum, with a total operating capacity in excess of one million tonnes of aluminum, approximately 14 million tonnes of bauxite and four million tonnes of alumina per annum. In August 2006, BHP Billiton plc completed the sale of its 45.5% interest in the Valesul Aluminio SA joint venture to its joint venture partner, Companhia Vale do Rio Doce. In April 2007, the Company acquired a 33.3% interest in Global Alumina's Sangaredi Refinery Project in Guinea, West Africa.
- Chinalco and its subsidiary, Chalco (Aluminium Corporation of China Ltd) is China's biggest producer of aluminium. [more]
- Bosai Minerals Group (Nanchuan Minerals Group) bid US$60 million to win an auction for bauxite mines in Guyana, in South America. The purchase of a controlling stake in Omai Bauxite Mining from Canada's Cambior Inc. would make Bosai, based in the western city of Chongqing, the world's biggest producer of calcined bauxite.
Companies mining bauxite or producing aluminium in Africa
- Abu Dhabi state-owned conglomerate Moubadala Development Company and Dubai Aluminium (Dubal), will hold a majority stake of 70% and Sonatrach and Sonelgaz, two state-owned companies, 30%, in the biggest aluminium plant in North Africa. Under the terms of the contract, which has been concluded as a partnership agreement, the project will be developed near Beni Saf in the region of Ain Temouchent. The project should take about four years to complete, with the plant set to be operational by 2011. Plans also call for the construction of a thermal plant with a 2000MW capacity, a water desalination plant as well as a harbour capable of dealing with 1,75 million tonnes of raw materials per year.
- BHP Billiton is investigating a bauxite deposit in the country's southwest Bas-Congo province, near the Inga hydropower station on the Congo river with the view of opening up a mine and refinery. BHP Billiton already produces aluminum at refineries in South Africa and Mozambique, where it secured cheap supplies of power from Eskom.
- Ghana Bauxite Company Ltd (Alcan-8O%) mines at Awaso in the Birim Valley at a rate of 1 million t per year.
- Alcoa Inc is the Ghana Government's chosen partner for the VALCO Integrated Aluminium Project.
- E C Meikles (Pty) Ltd of Zimbabwe mines at Monte Snuta at an estimated rate of 12 000 t per year.
- RUSAL has signed a share purchase agreement to acquire a majority stake in the Aluminium Smelter Company of Nigeria (ALSCON) in Akwa Ibom from the Nigerian Bureau of Public Enterprises (BPE). The $250 million transaction will add almost 150,000 tonnes annually to RUSAL's aluminium production capacity.
- Sierra Leone Ore and Metal Company mines at Mokanji at a rate of 1,5 million t per year.
- BHP's Hillside and Bayside aluminium smelters in SA and the Mozal smelter in Mozambique together produced 1.163 million metric tons of aluminium in the financial year ended June 2007.
- Rio Tinto planned a US$2.7bn aluminium smelter at Coega.