Box 27, Zomba
Malawi Mines and Minerals Act
Malawi Petroleum Act
Political rights and civil liberties (Freedom House)
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The contribution of mining to total exports in 2010 amounted to 11.1%
Malawi Mining News
- Malawi 250k topographical maps
- Malawi Cities,Towns, Airports, Maps, Images
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- Malawi Minerals
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Gold has been reported mainly from the Kirk Range area covering Ntcheu, Mwanza and Neno districts.
Gold deposits in Malawi (Source: Southern African Development Community, Mineral Resources Survey Programme No 4, 2001)
When Malawi became independent, in 1964, it had no mining industry to speak of. At present an incipient mining industry, based on limestone, aggregate, coal and gemstone production, is developing. Gold does not feature as very little gold-mining potential exists. Grains of gold which are too rare to be of more than academic interest, have been discovered in many parts of the country. Only four deposits are worth mentioning.
- Lisungwe Valley-Kirk Range
- Nathenje Area
- Unga River
- Dwangwa River
To date, the only deposits that appear to have any potential for gold mining are occurrences of alluvial gold in the Lisungwe Valley. The Geological Survey Department of Malawi has, over the past three years, been re examining the whole area by detailed geological mapping and geochemical drainage sampling to determine if a payable reef can be delineated. The Department has also been re-examining the Dwanga River area to determine if a payable reef could be located in that area.
- Albidon Ltd has been exploring the Mpemba (Hill) Nickel Project, located in southern Malawi, about 20 km to the southwest of the city of Blantyre. The project area is underlain by mafic intrusive rocks that contain disseminations and clots of nickel sulphides at many localities, in addition to a nickel and copper soil geochemical anomaly that extends over an area greater than 3 sq km. There are historical reports of rock samples yielding assay results of up to 2,9% Ni and 2,7g/t Pt, along strike to the northwest.
- Lisungwe plc is exploring nickel mineralization associated with ferrochrome/magnetite at Chimimbe and Chimwadzulu in southern Malawi.
Rare Earth Elements
The Kangunkunde Carbonatite Complex deposit in Malawi has an inferred resource of 107,000 tonnes of rare earths oxide (REO) at an average grade of 4.24% REO in 2.53 million tonnes of mineralization using a cut-off grade of 3.5% REO.
The mineralization commences on the surface and the deposit remains open at depth. The relatively low cut-off grade is justified by the demonstrated amenability of the ore to low cost gravity separation to produce a high-grade concentrate.
The rare earth elements are mainly concentrated in the monazite mineralization and the distribution is as follows: La2O3 - 29.8%, CeO2 - 49.7%, Pr6O11 - 4.7%, Nd2O3 - 14.0%, Sm2O3 - 1.05%, Eu2O3 - 0.19%, Gd2O3 - 0.36%, Tb4O7 - 0.07%, Dy2O3 - 0.08%, Others - 0.04%. The monazite content of the ore averages more than 5%.
The deposit has low thorium oxide levels for a rare earths resource and samples averaged 11 ppm thorium oxide per percentage of REO content. (Lynas Corporation Ltd, http://www.lynascorp.com).
- Paladin Resources Ltd (TSX:PDN; ASX:PDN) is exploring the Kayelekera deposit (Karoo sandstone hosted) in northern Malawi with an inferred resource of 10,46 million t at a grade of 0,108 % ( 10,850 t U3O8). A bankable feasibility study showed that the Kayelekera project in Malawi is technically and financially viable and capable of producing 1500 tonnes a year of uranium. Paladin Resources said the study by consultants GRD Minproc concluded that Kayelekera should have an 11-year mine life. The capital cost has been estimated at $US185 million and a mining licence application was submitted to Malawi's mines commissioner in February, 2007. In April, 2007, the government awarded Paladin a 15 year license renewable for further 10 year period. The license covers an area of 55.5 sq. km. The Kayerekera Uranium Project is scheduled to commission in September 2008 and reach full production during the 2nd quarter of 2009. Annual production will be 3.3 million lbs U3O8 over a life-of-mine of seven years. Cast costs at the R1,3-billion Kayelekera mine is expected to be $19/lb over the life-of-mine.
- Oropa Ltd’s wholly owned subsidiary, Oropa Exploration Pty Ltd was granted two Exclusive Prospecting Licences for uranium in June 2007 covering the Mzimba Northwest and Chitunde Projects for a total of 2,365 km2. A further two EPL applications covering the Chizani and Mankhangala project areas to the north of Kasungu have been submitted to the Malawian Minister of Energy, Mines and Natural Resources, which are currently under consideration. Oropa has also secured a 90% interest in two contiguous uranium exploration projects located 20 km north of Paladin Resources' Kayelekera uranium deposit. Oropa has executed memorandums of understanding (MoUs) with the owners of the two granted exploration prospecting licences, Ngana and Ngana East, which cover a combined area of 285 km2, covering basin structures containing Karroo sediments which were similar to the host rocks at the nearby Kayelekera roll-front uranium deposit. Orapa has secured an addition to its uranium exploration portfolio in central Africa after being granted a third Exclusive Prospecting Licence. in January, 2008, covering a total area of 1,283 square kilometres in the Chizani area of central Malawi, located near Globe Uranium Limited's Kanyika Project.
- Globe Uranium Ltd’s granted Livingstonia EPL0187 is 90 kilometers southeast from the Kayelekera deposit, covering similar Karroo geology and contains known uranium mineralisation to 0.73% U3O8.The licence at Nthalire, in northern Malawi, covers 130km2 and includes Karroo sandstones of the North Rukuru Basin.This geological unit is considered highly prospective for uranium, as it hosts the Kayelekera Uranium deposit currently under development by Paladin Resources Ltd some 35 kilometres further north.Simelemba is located in Central Malawi, about 25 kilometres northeast from the regional town of Kasungu. A significant airborne radiometric anomaly outlined in the mid 1980’s is central to the EPL but only preliminary ground follow-up has been reported.The tenement covers igneous and meta morphic rocks of the Precambrian to Lower Palaeozoic Basement of the Mozambique Orogenic Belt.
- A preliminary account of bauxite in Rhodesia, Mozambique and Malawi
- An examination of disseminated sulphide bodies, Nanzeka area, Ntchisi District
- Bauxite deposits in the SADC Region
- Copper mineralization at Namikunda hill, Nsanje District
- Diamonds in the SADC Region
- Heavy mineral sand deposits in the SADC Region
- Les mines de fer mondiales et la préparation des minerais - Afrique
- Recent iron ore formation in Lake Malawi, Africa
- Secondary strontianite at Kangankunde carbonatite complex, Malawi
- The environments of copper deposits in Nyasaland
- The Geology and Mineral Resources of Malawi (second revised edition)
- The Kangankunde Hill rare earth prospect
- An account of the recent investigation of graphite occurrences in the central region
- An investigation of amphibole asbestos deposits in the Choma hill area, Ncheu District
- An investigation of some mica pegmatites in the Mzimba District
- Asbestos deposits of the Likudzi river area, Ncheu District
- Carbonatite dikes in Bear Lodge Mountains, Wyoming
- Continental drift and un-continental thinking
- Dolomitic marble at Kapiri hill, Blantyre District
- Mineral exploration in Malawi
- The Chisepo sulphide deposits, Dowa District
- The Malingunde hill pyrite/pyrrhotite deposit, Lilongwe District
- The Matope limestone deposit, Blantyre District
- The mica pegmatites of the Mzimba District and adjacent areas
- The mineral industry of other African areas
- The Mineral Industry of Other African Areas
- The mineral industry of other areas of Africa
- La Geologie au service du developpement economique; projet majeur regional sur la geologie appliquee au developpement economique. Geology serving economical development; major regional project on applied geology to economical development
- Financing African mining developments; Mining activity survey
- Les mines de fer mondiales et la préparation des minerais - Afrique
- Dimension Stone in ACP Countries, n°1, Potential and projects in the Southern African Development Community (SADC)