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Contact: Raymond Mutiso +254 71 910 4719
Kenya Mining Act 1986
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The contribution of mining to total exports in 2010 amounted to 4.3%
Kenya Mining News
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- Kenya Geology-01
- Kenya Geology-02 The Kajiado area
- Kenya Geology-03 The Kakamega area
- Kenya Geology-04 The Mount Kenya area
- Kenya Geology-05 The Mwingi area
- Kenya Geology-06 The North Kitui area
- Kenya Geology-07 The "Kilifi-Mazeras" area
- Kenya Geology-08 Garsen area
- Kenya Geology-09 The area North-East of Marsabit
- Kenya Geology-10 Sketch-map of Mount Kenya suite
- Kenya Geology-11 The Kisii Area
- Kenya Geology-12 Mandera and Wajir Districts
- Kenya Geology-13 The Kapenguria Area
- Kenya Geology-14 The Kindaruma Area
- Kenya Geology-15 Mombasa-Kwale area
- Kenya Geology-16 Witu area
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- Kansai Mining Corporation (Canadian) is exploring the Migori Greenstone Belt in south-western Kenya. Previous work has indicated 4 orebodies with a combined resource of 764 000 oz of gold.
- Red Rock Resources plc's Migori Gold Project consists of two Special Prospecting Licences (SPLs) covering 310 sq km in SW Kenya. Extends 63 km along the strike length of the Archean Migori Greenstone Belt. NI 43-101 Indicated Resource of 1.2m oz (0.25 g/t cutoff) of gold over the KKM, MK, Nyanza and Gori Maria prospects currently undergoing validation to JORC standard. 577, 000 oz (0.5 g/t cutoff) of gold validated as a JORC resource at the KKM prospect. Plan for gold production at the Macalder Tailings: 1.3m email@example.com/t for contained gold content of 68k oz (JORC Measured Resource). Mining license application near to submission 2012: Commencement of pit optimisation studies on resource areas ahead of Bankable Feasibility Study. The licences are located 20-30 km north of the operating North Mara gold mine in Tanzania and immediately east of Lake Victoria in SW Kenya. The Mid Migori property covers an area of approximately 300 sq km and is located 20-30 km north of the operating North Mara gold mine in Tanzania. The licences are situated in the South Nyanza District in SW Kenya near Lake Victoria.
- International Gold Exploration AB (Swedish) is exploring the Lolgorien, Akala, Rongo, Secerr and Turcana areas in western and south-western Kenya. In July, 2007, Goldplat plc signed a joint venture agreement with International Gold Exploration AB to develop the gold potential of ten targets totalling approximately 14 sq km selected by Goldplat within the Lolgorien licence area in the historically producing Migori Archaean Greenstone Belt in western Kenya.
- AfriOre (TSX:AFO; AIM:AFO) has a 100% interest in the 1,514 sq km Siaya Special Prospecting Licence (“SPL”) area and has a right to acquire 100% interest in the 1,319 sq km Ndori SPL for US$1 million from San Martin Mining Research and Investment Company Limited, the holder of the SPL. AfriOre is involved in early stage exploration on the Masumbi target, where an extensive zone of gold mineralization, initially identified in a widespread trenching operation, was confirmed in a follow-up exploration program which included gold geochemical soil sampling, ground based magnetic surveys and rotary percussion drilling.
- Pacific Wildcat Resources Corporation owns two UK holding companies that between them own a 70% interest in Cortec Mining Kenya Limited (“Cortec”), a private company incorporated in Kenya. Cortec holds two prospecting licences and one special mining licence. The Special Mining Licence has a term of 21 years, is for the exploration, development and mining of Niobium and Rare Earth Elements at Mrima Hill. It covers an area of 142 hectares (area includes key High Grade Niobium and associated High Grade Rare Earth Oxide mineralisation zones). The Mrima hill rare earth and niobium property near Mombasa on the Kenyan coast in Kenya with the potential to become a world class resource. It is ideally located being close to essential infrastructure with sealed roads and mains power running adjacent to the deposit and the mineralised area is only 75kms by road from Mombasa the largest deep water port in East Africa. This rare earth and niobium mineralisation at Mrima is related to a fault bounded basin of Jurassic age Karroo sediments intruded by Cretaceous aged alkali carbonatites with a thick mantle of enriched weathered rock as cover. The alkali intrusions at Mrima consists of carbonatite, agglomerate and fenitized sediments which have a surface extent of at least 2km by 1.3km. The carbonatite at Mrima is mineralogically classified as being either sovite or alvikite. Soil and laterite covers most of the Mrima hill and drilling by previous explorers has shown that the weathering profile is in places well over 100m deep. This depth of weathering has important implications for potentially high tonnage being present. The prolonged physical and chemical weathering of carbonatites at Mrima in these tropical environments on the coast of East Africa means the weathered zone (considerably less than 5% of the hill has outcrop) has been enriched and concentrated in both niobium and rare earth oxides. The niobium is believed to have been liberated from pyrochlore from the underlying fresh carbonatites (particularly the magnesian alvikite phase) and then to be concentrated into various secondary minerals and clays as a residual concentration through chemical weathering. The rare earth content has sourced mainly from bastnasite and monazite within the carbonatite and has been concentrated by both weathering processes and with an additional enrichment from a supergene process which may be analogous to what has occurred at the Mt Weld deposit in Western Australia. This enrichment process has produced both heavy and light REO with historical metallurgical work undertaken by the French company Pechiney Saint Gobain indicating that Mrima Hill may be well endowed with the more valuable heavy faction of rare earths. Previous exploration started in earnest in the early to mid-1950s by both the Kenyan Mines and Geological Department and by Anglo American who extensively explored the cap of the hill. In particular Anglo American carried out an assessment of niobium mineralisation in the top of the weathered zone. Test pits were systematically dug over the hill top on a staggered 70m pattern with some four hundred 30 foot deep pits being dug plus a 305m adit excavated into the hillside together with eight up to 225m long diamond holes being drilled mainly for stratigraphical purposes. In 1957 Anglo analysed results from this test pitting and also from taking a 14 ton bulk sample where they estimated mineralisation of 50.5 million tonnes at 0.67 Nb2O5 including 5.3 million tonnes at 1.21% Nb2O5 This historic estimate from only the top 9.14m of the weathered profile is associated with weathering and leaching of the primary carbonatite which has been removed by weathering leaving a thick soil overburden. At the same time Anglo commenced its exploration activities in 1955 an estimate of 32 million tonnes at 3.1% REO was internally reported upon by the Mines and Geological Department of Kenya from the area they test pitted (at least 80 pits were used in the calculation) to a maximum of 8 metres. The next resource work was carried out in the period 1968-1971 when the French company Pechiney explored for europium but they were not interested in the other rare earths or the niobium potential and they quoted a 12,000 tonne europium trioxide mineralisation at 800ppm in one area sampled. In about 1998 the US Geological Survey re investigated the historical data and they estimated a higher grade area of REO and quoted 6 million tonnes at 5%. On July 7, 2011 the company reported receipt of an NI 43-101 resource estimate report from ExplorMine Consultants of Johannesburg, South Africa that calculated a niobium resource in the inferred category of 105.3 million tonnes at a grade of 0.65% Nb2O5 for a contained total of 1,519 million pounds. The deposit is thought to contain a high grade zone of 10 to 15 million tonnes at 1.2-1.45% Nb2O5 based on a cut-off grade of 1.0% Nb2O5 using the historical shallow test pit data from the Anglo period of exploration. In total some 9,000m of test shafts 3,000m of drilling and 37 tons of bulk sampling has been undertaken by previous explorers at Mrima. Cortec Mining released lab results on Friday, 19 July, 2013, citing a potential in-ground value of up to US$62.4billion( Sh5.3 trillion) on Mrima Hill in Kwale. Mrima Hill's rare earth deposit is targeted at approximately 40 million tonnes with a concentration of approximately 5 per cent Total Rare Earth Oxides, "This is by far the largest mineral deposit in Kenya and the find at Mrima Hill will place Kenya as having the potential to be one of the largest rare earth producers in the world," David Anderson, managing director, Cortec Kenya Mining said in a statement. The Kenyan government will receive 3 per cent royalties from the Niobium project and 5 per cent in royalties from the rare earths mining. An agreed 80 per cent of the royalties will go to the central government, 15 per cent to Kwale County and 5 per cent to local residents. The Rare Earths deposits stand beside the discovered Niobium content, valued at US$35bn (Sh2.9 trillion).
- Australia’s Base Resources is on track to start output from the Kwale mineral sands mine at the coast in the third quarter of 2013, potentially spurring further investment into the country’s underdeveloped mining sector.Output is expected to triple the country’s mining export revenues and overtake coffee, which brings in about US$200m per year, as Kenya’s fourth-largest source of hard currency. “Kwale really represents that flagship mining project that Kenya’s government needed to kick start the mining industry,” said Tim Carstens, managing director of Base Resources.The mine will produce 80,000 tonnes of rutile per year, or 14% of the world’s supply, 330,000 tonnes of ilmenite and 40,000 tonnes of zircon, when it is fully operational. Rutile, which is composed of titanium dioxide, is an important pigment for industrial, domestic and artistic applications. Zircon is mainly used in the ceramics industry, while ilmenite is related to titanium. If the Kwale project is successful, the mining industry and Kenya’s government hope it could prove to be a catalyst for further investment by foreign and local companies.
Kenya’s oil discovery: The reality behind the hype
- In April 2001, Dana Petroleum was awarded several production-sharing licenses by the Kenya.The blocks - L5, L7, L10 and L11 - situated in the Lamu Basin and represent one-half of Kenya's available offshore concessions.
- In May 2003, Woodside Petroleum, acquired a 40% stake in those blocks from Dana. Dana will retain a 40% holding, with the remaining 20% stake held by Star Petroleum, a subsidiary of Global Petroleum Ltd. Woodside is now the operator of the blocks. A seismic study was initiated in the third quarter of 2003, after which two exploration wells are scheduled to be drilled.
- In April 2002, the Kenyan government executed agreements that grant exclusive exploration rights of blocks L6, L8, and L9 to Pancontinental Oil & Gas NL (60%) and a UK-based Afrex Limited (40%). In August 2003, Woodside farmed into the three blocks, taking a 50% operating stake. Afrex will now hold a 30% stake, while Pancon will hold the remaining 20%. In return for its entry, Woodside will undertake the seismic work for the three blocks. A 3,488 mile survey across all seven blocks was completed and sent for data analysis during the fourth quarter of 2003 with results to be available in early 2004.
- London listed multinational Tullow Oil which has been exploring oil in Kenya has announced the discovery of another oil well further raising the prospects of Kenya in joining the league of oil producers. The company in a statement released in July 2013 said the find is located at Etuko-1 well in the expansive Turkana County of northern Kenya. This is the same County that hosts Ngamia and Twiga South, which have previously been found to hold oil that meets commercial viability standards. According to the statement announcing the new find, Tullow expects a flow rate potential of 5,000 barrels a day based on Ngamia-1 and Twiga-South-1, and estimates there are 250 million barrels of oil in place. The company said this forecast could only increase given the indications in the other blocks currently being explored. The company, which has been focusing most of its efforts on eastern Africa, has previously had a good run in Uganda and drilling plans are underway. The recent discovery put East Africa in a pole position to start producing and exporting oil in what will be a major reprieve to a region that has seen the price of the commodity spiral to unimaginable levels. Apart from exploration efforts in Africa, Tullow is already producing and selling oil Ghana, a major income stream to finance the capital intensive exploration activities.
- Canadian oil and gas company Africa Oil Corporation announced in September 2013 that it has discovered oil in its Ekales well in Block 13T in Kenya. The company said analysis of wireline logs and formation sampling indicates a potential pay zone of 60 to 100 meters which will be confirmed by flow testing. "This discovery further de-risks and represents the fourth consecutive significant oil find in this basin," the firm said in a statement. The well is located in Block 13T in Kenya with Africa Oil holding a 50 per cent working interest with operator Tullow Oil Kenya holding the remaining interest and operatorship. Africa Oil is its Agete-1 well, also in Block 13T, was spud on September 16 2013 and is currently being drilled. "This prospect is seven kilometers north of the Twiga discovery and along the basin bounding fault trend referred to as the string of pearls by the company," the statement said. The well has a pre-drill prospective resource best estimate of 276 million barrels of recoverable oil with a chance of success of 54 per cent, it said.It added that the Bahasi-1 well in the Kenya Block 9 Bahasi prospect is expected to spud in the next few days and Africa Oil will operate the well on behalf of its 50 per cent joint venture partner Marathon Kenya Limited B.V., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Marathon Oil Corporation. "The pre-drill prospective resource best estimate of this prospect is 320 million barrels of recoverable oil," the statement added. The company said two additional lightweight rigs for testing and shallow drilling operations are also being mobilised into northern Kenya and are expected to be operational in the fourth quarter of 2013. This will bring the total rig count to seven in the company's blocks in Kenya and Ethiopia. Africa Oil CEO Keith Hill said: "We are thrilled with the 100 per cent success rate of the drilling program to date in northern Kenya and with 10 additional leads and prospects in this basin we can expect additional discoveries in the immediate future. We are equally excited about the basin opening wells being drilled in two new areas and the pace of exploration ahead with six active rigs operating full time. This discovery gives us further incentive to aggressively push forward plans for development studies of this world class project in conjunction with our partners and the Government of Kenya."
- East African rift valleys; tectonic setting for new geothermal development
- Geothermal exploration in Kenya
- Geothermal investigations in Kenya
- Geothermische Energie aus dem ostafrikanischen Graben. Geothermal energy from the East African Graben
- Petroleum Developments in Central and Southern Africa in 1972
- Petroleum Developments in Central and Southern Africa in 1972
- The structure of the shallow crust beneath Olkaria geothermal field, Kenya, deduced from gravity studies
- Blaugruene Kornerupine aus Kenia und Tansania. Blue-green kornerupine from Kenya and Tanzania
- Blue colour-change gem garnet from east Africa
- Colored gems of East Africa
- Edelsteine aus Kenya. Gems from Kenya
- Fluorspar resources of Africa
- Gemstone news from southern Africa
- Geologische, petrographische und mineralogische Beobachtungen in einigen Minen von Smaragd, Transanit und Rubin in Tansania und Kenya. Geologic, petrographic and mineralogic observations in some mines of emerald, tanzanite, tsavorite and rubine in Tanzania and Kenya
- Geology of the fluorite deposits in Kerio Valley, Kenya
- Geology of the fluorite deposits in Kerio Valley, Kenya
- Green Grossularite Garnets ("Tsavorites") in East Africa
- Mineralogy and paragenesis of the fluorite deposits from the Kerio Valley, Kenya
- New localities of gemstones in eastern Africa
- Resursy rechnogo stoka Kenii. River runoff resources of Kenya
- Rubin-Vorkommen in Kenya. The occurrence of rubies in Kenya
- Soda ash
- The crystal chemistry, paragenesis and facies control of green V-Cr-garnet and of blue zoisite; Second biennial M.S.A.-F.M. symposium; Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of the gem minerals
- The future of small-scale mining in Kenya; Small scale mining of the world
- Transparent bluish-green kornerupine from East Africa (Kenya and Tanzania)
- Trona and soda ash
- Ueber die Schwermineralsande an der Kueste Kenias. The heavy mineral sands on the Kenyan coast; Rezente Lagerstaetten im marinen Bereich
- Beryllium in Kenya
- Gemstones of East Africa
- Les mines de fer mondiales et la préparation des minerais - Afrique
- Manganese occurrences in the vicinity of Kiwara, coast province, Kenya
- Rare-earth concentrations in the south Ruri carbonatite in western Kenya
- The geological environment of copper deposits in Kenya
- Possible uses of geothermal fluids in Kenya; Small geothermal resources; Part 2, Geothermal projects in developing countries
- Geology and asbestos deposits of the Taita hills, Kenya
- Géoressources de l’Afrique :quelle vision et quel modèle de gestion pour un développement durable et une contribution au Nepad ?
- Graphite in Kenya
- Kenya's water problems
- Minerals of Kenya
- Prospecting for minerals
- Resource assessment in East Africa
- The geology and mineral resources of Kenya (revised)
- The status of Kenya's water resources and their development
- La Geologie au service du developpement economique; projet majeur regional sur la geologie appliquee au developpement economique. Geology serving economical development; major regional project on applied geology to economical development
- Pilot plant objectives and considerations for evaluating the waste disposal of high slimes heavy mineral sand deposits; International heavy minerals conference
- Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining Policy for Sustainable Development in Kenya
- Financing African mining developments; Mining activity survey
- Les mines de fer mondiales et la préparation des minerais - Afrique
- East Olkaria geothermal field, Kenya; 1, History match with production and pressure decline data
- East Olkaria geothermal field, Kenya; 2, Predictions of well performance and reservoir depletion
- Geothermal energy research in Kenya; a review; Environmental geology of Kenya
- Hydrogeologic, hydrogeochemical and stable isotopic study of possible interactions between Lake Naivasha, shallow subsurface and Olkaria geothermal waters, central Rift Valley, Kenya
- Hydrology of Olkaria geothermal field; Proceedings, New Zealand geothermal workshop
- Low enthalpy geothermal systems in Kenya
- Numerical modeling of geothermal systems with applications to Krafla, Iceland and Olkaria, Kenya; Geothermal reservoir engineering
- The geothermal fields of the Kenya Rift; Crustal and upper mantle structure of the Kenya Rift