P.O. Box 410, Khartoum 11111
Sudan Mines and Quarries Act
Republic of South Sudan
Mining And Minerals Sectors
Minister for Petroleum and Mining
Arkangelo Okwang Oler
Director General of Mineral Development
email@example.com | +211 (0) 921 376 848
James Yousif Kundu
Acting Director General of Geological Survey
firstname.lastname@example.org | +211 (0) 955 950 917
Government of South Sudan Website
The contribution of mining to total exports in 2010 amounted to 5.7%
Sudan Mining News
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A working paper on the contribution of minerals in the gross domestic product presented to the workshop on the contribution of the Ministry of Minerals in the national economy categorized the total reserve as Ariab Mining Company 180 tons, Manop (Manjim) Compay 96 tons and Omdurman Company (Ridha) 7 tons as well as the Sahara Company 4.2 tons, Al-Hajajiah Company 6.5 tons and Mahogani Company 4.59 tons.
The paper stated that Delgo Company 37.2 tons, Al-Nawati Company 5.76tons and Orashab Company 7.5 besides Ayat Company for Oil services 5.55 tons, Insan Wifix Company 6 tons and Hakan Hamadi Company 13.8 tons.
The paper detailed that the share of the government of Sudan in the assured gold reserve amounted to 26.19 tons, indicating that what was said emphasized contribution of mining sector in the national income.
Escalating waves of violence since January 2013 in North Darfur have plunged the region into the worst humanitarian crisis in years. The Jebel ‘Amer gold mine, in Al Sareif Beni Hussein locality of North Darfur, was the source of a deadly conflict between the Abbala and Beni Hussein tribes.
- La Mancha Resources Inc owns a 40% interest in the Hassaï mine, located in the north-eastern part of Sudan. In 2012, La Mancha had outlined an Indicated resource of over 80 million tonnes containing 3.3 million ounces of gold and 900,000 tonnes of copper, and an Inferred resource of 37.0 Mt containing 1.4 million ounces of gold and 400,000 tonnes of copper. The remaining ownership of the mine is held by Sudanese government agencies and by French private entities, respectively comprising of a 56% and 4% ownership share. Hassaï mine produced 34,760 oz of gold attributable to La Mancha in 2007. Preliminary exploration work is being done in the Mt. Nuba area.
- Gebeit is an ancient gold mine, which was worked intermittently between 1904 and1989. Reserves in 1986 were estimated to be 375 000 t at a grade of 15 g/t Au.
- Arab Mining, a joint venture between the government (60%) and La Source, started production at the Hadal Auatib Gold Mine in 1991.
- Compagnie Miniere Or operates the Ariab Mbabane (Inguessana Hills) mine which reportedly produces 5 t of gold per year.
- The VMS deposits of the Ariab area are Habdul Auteb, Oderuk, Hassai, Talaideruk, Baderuk, Hassai North, Komoeb, H Veins and Ganeit. The combined gold content has been estimated at 32,8 t.
- New Kush Exploration and Mining Company has shown interest in mining gold from Kapoeta East County of Eastern Equatoria state. New Kush Exploration and Mining Company are a merger of two companies-British and South African.
- In May 2011, Equator Gold Ltd signed an earn-in agreement with South Sudanese company Consolidated Mineral & Energy Resources Investment Co Ltd. (CMERIC), under which the Group is earning staged interests of up to 85% in the Upper Luri exploration licence by conducting and funding exploration.
Equator’s exploration has been successful so far, having identified three targets, of which two are drill-ready.
The Confluence target, a well-defined soil geochemical gold anomaly of up to 4.2g/t more than 5km long and 200m across, with many values >1g/t. Trenching revealed extensive quartz veining and a drill programme is planned to test the target, which has the potential to be a multi-million ounce gold deposit.
The GT target, a gold-bearing quartz vein complex at least 0.5km long, from which a composite grab sample assayed 11.7 g/t. Equator’s teams have systematically sampled the structure at outcrop and further assays are awaited.
The Togolo target, the source of prolific alluvial gold in the Togolo River, which we expect to delimit from soil geochemical surveys that now cover the entire drainage basin of the river.
All three targets lie in a metavolcanic “greenstone” sequence. Large areas of these prospective rocks remain to be surveyed. Equator’s objective is to define a Kibali style gold “camp” with several large resources around a central plant.
Oil and Natural Gas
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- Oil production: 344,700 bbl/day (2004 est.)
- Oil exports: 275,000 bbl/day (2004)
- Oil proved reserves: 1.6 billion bbl (2006 est.)
- Natural gas proved reserves: 84.95 billion cu m (1 January 2005 est.)
- Blocks 1, 2 and 4: In 1996, Canadian independent Arakis Energy (Arakis) began development of the Heglig and Unity fields (Blocks 1, 2, and 4), which contain estimated recoverable reserves of 600 million - 1.2 billion barrels of oil. Because the fields are not located near the Red Sea coast, Arakis entered into a consortium with the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company (GNPOC) to raise investment for a 994-mile pipeline from the fields to the Suakim oil terminal near Port Sudan. In September 1999, the first cargo of crude departed the export terminal. Although GNPOC originally constructed the pipeline with throughput of 150,000 bbl/d, its has since been increased to 300,000 bbl/d, while maximum capacity is estimated at 450,000 bbl/d. As of January 2007, combined production from Blocks 1, 2, and 4 was estimated at 260,000 bbl/d. The GNPOC joint venture is operated by CNPC (40 percent), with partners Petronas (30 percent), ONGC (25 percent) and Sudapet (5 percent). Blocks 3 and 7: In June 2004, Petrodar, a consortium of CNPC (41 percent), Petronas (40 percent), Sudapet (8 percent), Gulf Oil Petroleum (6 percent), and the Al-Thani Corporation (5 percent) awarded a $239 million contract to Malaysia’s Ranhill International and Sudan’s Petroneeds Services International for development work on Blocks 3 and 7. The blocks contain the Adar Yale and Palogue oil fields, with estimated recoverable reserves of 460 million barrels. As of January 2007, Blocks 3 and 7 combined produced an estimated 165,000 bbl/d of oil. The fields could reach peak production of 200,000 bbl/d by late 2007. In November 2005, CNPC brought online the Petrodar pipeline linking the two blocks to Port Sudan. The pipeline has current throughput of 150,000 bbl/d and maximum capacity of 500,000 bbl/d. The project also includes a 300,000 bbl/d central processing facility at Al-Jabalayan and production facilities at Palogue.Block 5a: In April 2005, the Sudanese government signed an agreement with WNPOC for the development of the Thar Jath and Mala fields on Block 5A. First oil from the block came online in June 2006 at an initial rate of 38,000 bbl/d. As of March 2007, the field was still producing at 38,000 bbl/d, while full capacity is estimated at 60,000 bbl/d. Oil from the field flows through a 110-mile pipeline to Port Sudan. WNPOC is a consortium of companies, which include Petronas (68.875 percent and operator), ONGC (23.125 percent) and Sudapet (8 percent).Block 6: In November 2004, CNPC brought online its Fula field on Block 6 at a rate of 10,000 bbl/d. Current output on the block is 40,000 bbl/d, but is expected to eventually reach 80,000 bbl/d. CNPC has constructed a pipeline that links the Fula field to the Khartoum refinery.Exploration and development of Sudan’s oil resources has been controversial. International human rights organizations have accused the Sudanese government of financing human rights abuses with oil revenues, including the mass displacement of civilians near the oil fields. Factional fighting in the South and rebel attacks on oil infrastructure have kept oil production and exploration from reaching full potential to date. In October 2004, for example, the Sudanese government prevented a militia attempt to sabotage the country's main oil export pipeline. However, the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the northern government in Khartoum and the GoSS could facilitate additional investment in both production facilities and new exploration initiatives in Sudan. In January 2005, after the official signing of the CPA, IOCs including Total, Marathon Oil Corporation, and the Kuwait Foreign Petroleum Exploration Company (KUFPEC) renewed their exploration rights in southern Sudan.
- Preliminary Account of the Gypsum Deposits of the Sudan
- Report on the asbestos deposits of the Ingessana Hills area in the southeastern Sudan
- Soda ash
- An investigation of Hofrat en Nahas copper deposit, southern Darfur
- An iron ore deposit at Jebel Abu Tulu; Dar Messeriya, southern Kordofan
- Discovery of a tin-tungsten mineralization in northern Khartoum Province, Sudan
- Geology of the Gebeit Gold Mine, Democratic Republic of the Sudan
- Les mines de fer mondiales et la préparation des minerais - Afrique
- Manganese ore deposits of the Sudan
- The Arba'at Granite, Sudan; a mineralised, Pan-African intrusion enhanced by hydrothermal metasomatism.
- The lead-zinc deposits of Kutum
- Ueber ein Vorkommen von oolithischen Eisenerzen in der Nubischen Serie der Provinz Kordofan, Republik Sudan
- Introducing the Red Sea Commission; Ressources minerales sous-marines
- Kopaliny uzyteczne Sudanu. Mineral resources of Sudan
- Outline of the geology and mineral deposits of the Democratic Republic of the Sudan and adjacent areas
- The mineral industry of other African areas
- The Mineral Industry of Other African Areas
- The mineral industry of other areas of Africa
- Financing African mining developments; Mining activity survey
- Les mines de fer mondiales et la préparation des minerais - Afrique
- Applications of geochemical parameters at the Gebeit gold mine area, NE Sudan
- Gold mineralization in the Sudan and the impact of its mining on the environment; 30th international geological congress; abstracts
- Gold resources of Africa
- Lower Neoproterozoic age of the Ariab volcanogenic massive sulphide mineralization, Red Sea Hills, NE Sudan
- Oxygen isotope systematics on weathered volcanogenic massive sulphides ore deposits of the Ariab District, Sudan
- Significance of Aswa Lineament in South Sudan; Etudes recentes sur la geologie de l'Afrique; 15 (super e) colloque de geologie africaine; resumes detailles. Recent studies on the geology of Africa; 15th colloquium on African geology; extended abstracts