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The contribution of mining to total exports in 2010 amounted to 57.0%
Mozambique Mining News
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- E C Meikles (Pty) Ltd of Zimbabwe mines bauxite at Monte Snuta at an estimated rate of 12 000 t per year.
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The African Development Bank (ADB) expects that in 2020 Mozambique will be Africa’s second-largest coal exporter, with annual sales of close to 110 million tons.
- Beacon Hill Resources plc produced 96,000 t/yr of coal in Chipanga XI Mine in 2010. The company plans to open a new mine to increase its coal production to 220,000 t/yr. In addition to Minas Moatize, Beacon Hill holds a majority interest in the Changara Coal Project, an exploration project that is located within close proximity to its flagship Minas Moatize Coal Project
- Riversdale Mining Ltd. of Australia along with its partner Tata Steel Ltd. of India opened the new Benga Mine in Tete Province in 2011, which is estimated to have 502 Mt of coal reserves.
- The Indian state-owned International Coal Ventures Ltd (ICVL) announced in November 2014 that the first shipment of coal from its concession in central Mozambique has arrived at port in Visakhapatnam in eastern India. The premium hard coking coal from the Benga mine is destined for use by the Steel Authority of India. In October 2014, ICVL acquired three concessions in Mozambique from the Anglo-Australian company Rio Tinto - its 65 per cent stake in the Benga open cast coal mine, and the Zambeze and Tete East projects, all in Tete province (the remaining stake is owned by Tata Steel). Of these, only Benga is in production, currently mining five million tonnes of coal a year. However, the company is looking at increasing production to twelve million tonnes per year. In a statement ICVL pointed out that “this shipment marks the beginning of establishing a long term and reliable source of supply”. It added, “with huge reserves now under the control of ICVL, coal output would be progressively increased for meeting current and the growing requirements of the Indian steel majors”. The company argued that “ICVL is putting in place a strong management team to make the mining operations efficient and cost effective. With transport infrastructure in Mozambique under expansion, ICVL would be well positioned to take advantage of increasing volumes from its Mozambique assets for imports to India”. ICVL is a joint venture between five Indian state owned concerns, namely the Steel Authority of India Ltd (SAIL), Coal India Ltd, Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd (RINL), NTPC Ltd and NMDC Ltd. It was set up to acquire coal assets abroad, in order to guarantee secure supplies of coking coal for the Indian steel industry. SAIL and RINL are increasing steel production and by 2015 will need 25 million tonnes per year of coking coal, most of which will be imported.
- Baobab Resources plc is exploring the area around the Mundonguara copper-gold mine (closed since 1989), with an existing high grade inferred resource of 226,000t @ 3.9% Cu, 0.7 g/t Au and 27 g/t Ag (Non-JORC).
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The Niassa Gold Belt, northern Mozambique–A segment of a continental-scale Pan-African gold-bearing structure?
Gold deposits in Mozambique (Source: Southern African Development Community, Mineral Resources Survey Programme No 4, 2001)
Stratigraphy and general geology
Ownership in 2001: Trillion Resources Ltd 100 per cent
The regional trend of the Manica greenstone belt, on the Zimbabwean border, which hosts the known gold mineralization and only operating mine in the past, is east west. It consists of intensely metamorphosed and strongly foliated volcanic rocks, with subordinate banded ironstone, tuff and greywacke. The surrounding rocks are granite or gneiss from the Archaean basement. Structurally, the greenstone belt is complex with at least four major deformation phases identified.There are three east-west striking major shear zones which control the gold mineralization.
- Alluvial deposits within the Revue, Inhamurra, Muza and Chimezi rivers. An estimated resource potential of these alluvial deposits amounts to 112 million m3 at an average grade of 0.25g/m3, yielding approximately 25 t of gold.
- The Niassa province in the northwest of Mozambique has seen an increase in gold exploration and mining, in particular by artisanal workers. Gold is located within structurally controlled quartz veins located within Proterozoic greenstone belts located close to the shores of Lake Nyasa. Currently all gold production in this region comes from artisanal alluvial workings that grade at between 0.5 – 3 g/m3. It is estimated that about 12 t of gold has been produced from this region since 1990.
Source: Baobab Resources plc
- Pan African Resources plc (AIM:PAF) is developing the Manica project where an orebody with an estimated 12, 5 million t at a grade of 2,58 g/t Au or 1,038 million oz of gold, has been outlined. Pan African released a resource update in September, 2007, which increased the estimated resource at Manica 18% to 1.55 million oz from the previous 1.31 million oz. A bankable feasibility study should be completed on the Manica project by July 2008. The company has completed 17 462 m of drilling at the site and intends to drill another 15 600 m during 2008. In January, 2008, the Manica project had a gross in situ mineral resource of about 16,28-million tons at 2,96 g/t. In the meantime, the Fair Bride prospect resource at the Manica project, has increased by 20%, to 1 245-million ounces, while the Guy Fawkes prospect has emerged as a significant new potential exploration target.
- ASX-listed Auroch Minerals, which in January 2013 raised $3-million to augment its cash of $5.3-million, is carrying out exploration drilling within the Odzi-Mutare-Manica greenstone belt in central Mozambique, on the corridor that links Beira to Zimbabwe The project, 4 km from the town of Manica, is close to power lines and roads and has access to mining-related migrant labour and semi-skilled labour that serviced neighbouring Zimbabwe and South Africa. The company has completed 7 400 m of diamond drilling and defined the project into a number of sectors, with the Guy Fawkes sector the current focus. Information received when the project was acquired from the JSE-listed Pan African Resources showed historical grades of 2 g/t to 7 g/t. The company is working on a long-term gold price of $1 200/oz and foresees a number of openpittable opportunities in the mining of near-surface gold. Two contractors are in place to bring down mining and processing costs. Of the 81 employees, 71 are Mozambicans. Auroch has spent more than $2.5-million since January, on top of $19-million spent earlier by Pan African, which remains a significant shareholder.
- British based company Xtract Resources announced in October 2015 that it had entered into a joint venture with Mineral Technologies International to develop an alluvial gold mine in the central Mozambican province of Manica. The two companies expect to extract 32,000 ounces of gold per year. According to figures from Xtract, the operating costs will be 203 dollars per ounce and under these conditions the cost of setting up the mine will be recouped in less than six months. The life of the mine is estimated to be ten years. Xtract Resources is also developing an open pit gold mine in the same license area. This is due to begin production in 18 months, and will produce 48,000 ounces of gold per annum over the mine's ten year lifetime. Earlier in October 2015, Xtract bought the Manica gold licence from the Australian company Auroch Minerals for 10 million dollars.
- Baobab Resources plc is exploring gold occurrences in the Manica, Bandire / Sussendenga and Furnacungo/Angoni areas. The company's principal asset is the Mundonguara copper/gold mine which last produced in the 1980s, where drilling is planned to confirm an existing high grade target and to explore for down dip and along strike extensions, lower grade haloes and to quantify the tenor of the 30 metre thick oxide cap. Other prospects within the Company's twenty one Prospecting Licences host avariety of commodities including copper, gold, nickel, uranium, silver, lead, zinc, iron ore and fluorite.
- In February 2012, the German multinational Graphit Kropfmuhl AG was selected by public tender to run the graphite mine at Ancuabe in the northern Mozambican province of Cabo Delgado. The company currently has operations in Zimbabwe, China, Sri Lanka and Germany. Graphite was mined in Ancuabe between 1992 and 1999, but operations were suspended due to the high cost of running electricity generators. However, the situation changed two years ago with the expansion of the national electricity grid. Graphit Kropfmuhl has decided to remove the old machinery from the mine and install its own equipment.The provincial director of Mineral Resources, Ramiro Nguiraze, told the daily ne wspaper "Diario de Mocambique" that the company has also found graphite deposits in the administrative post of Mazeze, in Chiure district. Samples from the discovery have been sent to China, South Africa and Japan for laboratory testing.
- The Australian mining company Triton Gold Ltd announced in July 2012 the conclusion of the first phase of due diligence of five graphite exploration licenses in the northern Mozambican province of Cabo Delgado. A company announcement said that this due diligence took the form of a four day site visit to the licence areas by the South African based company, Geo-Consult International. "An initial report from Geo-Consult supports the view that the licences are highly prospective for graphite and further stated that, 'the permit areas are well situated in relation to an existing graphite mine and exploration projects, and constitute high quality exploration targets hosting favourable lithologies and structures'", said the Triton Gold announcement. Triton acquired the rights to the graphite projects in June from the Mozambican company, Grafex. Under this deal, Triton is to spend 1.5 million Australian dollars on development and on cash payments to Grafex. In addition, Grafex will receive fifteen million Triton shares and the right to buy, over the next three years, a further ten million shares at a cost of five Australian cents each. Triton plans to sell five million shares at ten cents to raise funds for carrying out the prospecting. Three of the Grafex licences are in Ancuabe district, adjacent to the licences held by the German multinational Graphit Kropfmuhl. Graphite was mined in Ancuabe between 1992 and 1999, but operations were suspended due to the high cost of running diesel-powered electricity generators. However, the situation changed two years ago with the expansion of the national electricity grid to Ancuabe. The other two Grafex licences cover parts of Balama district, north of the licence held by another Australian company, Syrah Resources. This week's Triton statement says that the first due diligence payment has been made to Grafex. The second phase of due diligence is now under way, and the whole process should be completed within four months. All the areas covered by the Grafex licences are within easy reach of major roads, and of the port and airport in the provincial capital, Pemba. The Geoconsult review "has verified good access to all license areas via the bitumen and gravel roads and this sound infrastructure will be very important to assist the company should the Board of Directors agree to move to the next stage and execute a joint venture with Grafex to develop the project areas", Triton added. Triton announced on 11 September 2013 the discovery of significant concentrations of graphite during drilling at its Balama North project, in the northern Mozambican province of Cabo Delgado. The company has undertaken an initial drilling programme over a three kilometre stretch and has found deposits of up to 16.2 per cent graphite. Triton
Minerals announced in November 2014 that a scoping study on its Nicanda Hill
resource at the Balama North graphite project, in the northern Mozambican
province of Cabo Delgado, justifies launching a feasibility study. According to
the company, this will form the basis for the rapid development of the resource
and establish Triton as a low cost, high quality graphite producer. Triton
plans to commence production in 2017. The study puts the average mine gate cost
of producing graphite at Nicanda Hill at 250 US dollars per tonne with an FOB
(Free on Board) cost at the port of Pemba of 315 dollars per tonne. The company
expects to make huge profits from the mine, with the scoping study assuming a
conservative average graphite price of 985 dollars per tonne. Triton plans to
run the mine for thirty years. However, it calculates that it will pay back its
initial capital investment of 110 million dollars within just ten months of
commissioning the mine. The company added that this calculation does not take
into account the fact that Nicanda Hill contains 3.9 million tonnes of vanadium
oxide, which makes it the largest known reserve of vanadium in the world. It
also contains deposits of zinc and other base metals. It stated that “further
and more comprehensive test work is still required to understand whether the
vanadium and zinc can be further upgraded into saleable concentrate levels”.
- Australian mining company Syrah Resources Ltd announced in July 2012 conclusion of 15 drill holes in the western region of the Balama project in northern Mozambique, and has found graphite in all but one. The company also said that the results would be announced in the next two weeks and that South Africa’s MSA Group would make an initial calculation of the amount of graphite available at the concession. After the drilling Syrah Resources plans to start prospecting in the western region of the Balama project, near mount Coronge, where high quality graphite has been found at the surface. Thirteen holes will be drilled in that region t a depth of between 250 and 320 metres and another RC rig is expected to arrive in the next few weeks to start prospecting in other areas of the concession. Syrah Resources is an Australian company with a diverse portfolio of mining projects in southeast Africa, particularly in Mozambique, at the Balama project, as well as a heavy sands project in Nachingwea, Tanzania.
- Zambezi Nickel Ltd is exploring the Mavita Project comprising two prospecting licences, LPP 1045 and LPP 1046, located in the Manica province of central western Mozambique. The geological setting of the Mavita Project area places it within the eastward extension of the Archaean Zimbabwean Craton and includes several areas of significant aeromagnetic and stream sediment geochemical nickel anomalies, coincident with mapped ultramafic lithologies. None of these anomalies have been drill tested to date.
- Natural gas production: 80 million cu m (2004 est.)
- Natural gas proved reserves: 127.4 billion cu m (1 January 2005 est.)
- Sasol Petroleum International is exploiting the Temane Gas Field and the first gas was put into the gas transmission pipeline at the central processing facility on the Feb 18, 2004 and delivered to Sasol's Secunda plant in South Africa on the February 21, 2004. A total of 2,618,894,658 Nm3 of gas and 619,440 bbls of condensate were produced up to August 2005.
- Artumas Group Inc is exploring the Rovuma on-shore block concession.
- Anadarko Petroleum Corporation has been awarded offshore Area 1.
- India's Oil and Natural Gas Corp has agreed in August 2013 to buy 10 percent in a gas field offshore Mozambique from Anadarko. Petroleum Corp for $2.64 billion, as the explorer looks to offset diminishing supplies from domestic gas fields by buying overseas assets. The purchase of U.S. oil company Anadarko's stake is the latest in a handful of overseas assets that ONGC Videsh, the overseas business unit of state-controlled ONGC, has bought in the last couple of years to boost India's energy needs. In June 2013 , ONGC and state-run Oil India Ltd signed a deal to buy a 10 percent stake in a Mozambique gas field from Videocon Group for $2.48 billion. "There is a lot of energy demand and whatever volumes of gas we are able to bring to the country are of utmost significance," A. K. Srinivasan, ONGC's group general manager for finance, told Reuters. "Mozambique will be a big LNG hub for the future." Anadarko said it would remain the operator of Area 1, with a working interest of 26.5 percent in the block, which is located in Mozambique's deepwater Rovuma Basin. Recent discoveries have turned the Rovuma field into a major draw for global energy producers and boosted Mozambique's natural gas reserves to around 150 trillion cubic feet or enough to supply Japan, the world's top LNG importer, for 35 years. Rovuma has the potential to become one of the world's largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) producing hubs by 2018, and is strategically located to supply gas to India at competitive prices. ONGC, which expects the cash transaction to close by March 2014, is likely to finance the deal through internal cash balance and fresh borrowings, Srinivasan said, adding that financing details would be finalised over the next few months. The company's bonds were trading at marginally wider spreads on Monday, underperforming tightness in the market, and shares fell as much as 3.8 percent in the Mumbai market that was trading flat, on worries about its higher debt levels. Analysts expect ONGC's two recent acquisitions to lead to higher debt levels, although a credit downgrade is unlikely. "Given current market conditions and uncertainty about India, financing may be a challenge and we think most of it will come from the bank market. That said, a potential bond activity cannot be ruled out," a U.S. bank said in a note. ONGC, which has struggled to maintain output from its ageing wells off India's west coast, will be interested in buying more overseas assets to feed the energy needs of Asia's third-largest economy, Srinivasan said, but declined to give details. "The country is starving for gas, for our power development and any other development," he said. Demand for gas in India far outstrips consumption, but prices have been kept low for strategic industries, deterring investment in the sector. India has few energy resources other than coal and is the world's fourth-biggest importer of fuel. After Anadarko, which has been looking to focus more on its domestic assets, Japan's Mitsui & Co Ltd is the second-biggest holder in Mozambique's offshore Area 1 block, with a stake of 20 percent. Indian state refiner Bharat Petroleum Corp owns 10 percent while Thai state oil company PTT Exploration and Production PCL has an 8.5 percent interest and Mozambique's state-owned ENH 15 percent. Outbound announced deals involving Indian companies so far this year stand at $35.8 billion, compared to $62 billion last year and a record $70.3 billion in 2008, Thomson Reuters data shows. Bank of America Merrill Lynch advised ONGC Videsh and Citigroup advised Anadarko on the transaction.
- In February 2005, Mozambique launched its second offshore licensing round for blocks in the northern Rovuma basin.
- Norsk Hydro has been awarded offshore Areas 2 and 5 in May, 2006.
- In June 2005, the Mozambican Empresa Nacional de Hidrocarbonetos (ENH) and the South African petrochemical company Sasol signed an agreement with the Mozambican government for Blocks 16 and 19 off the southern coast of Mozambique. Seismic studies and exploratory drilling on the blocks are expected to cost $7 million.
- PETRONAS has been awarded offshore Areas 3 and 6.
- Eni SpA has been awarded Area 4, located in the deep waters of the Rovuma Basin, covering an area of 17,646 square km and at a water depth of 2,600 metres.
- In August 2012, Thai oil and gas company PTT Exploration & Production bid $1.9bn, trumping an earlier offer by Royal Dutch Shell, for Cove Energy, a UK gas exploration firm that has an 8.5% position in Rovuma, reputed to contain 50 trillion cubic feet of gas.
- Noventa is operating the Marropino opencast tantalum mine expected to reach its capacity of 300,000 lb/year in the second quarter of 2007. Noventa currently has ore reserves of 11,4 million tonnes. The company has 12 licences in Mozambique and is exploring deposits at Morrua and Mutala; ￼the latter having been mined on a small scale for 30 years. Reserves and resources of tantalite amount to 19 million pounds.
- Mozambique’s Mining Resources Ministry was due in March 2011 to open the proposals for the public tender to choose the company that will explore the heavy sands at Chibuto in Gaza province, southern Mozambique. The Chibuto heavy sands project covers an area of 11,000 hectares and a potential of just over 70 million tons of ilmenite. The Chibuto heavy sands project was previously awarded to BHP Billiton, as a result of the acquisition of Australian company Corridor Sands, but its license was revoked in mid 2010 due to not meeting targets, specifically, the deadline for starting mining operations. The Mozambican government plans to ensure that programmes for prospecting and research go ahead at the heavy sands projects of Chibuto in Gaza (south), Moebase in Zambézia (centre) and Jangamo in Inhambane (south). It was announced on 19th January 2013 that Mozambique’s Minister of Mineral Resources, Esperanca Bias, had annulled the restricted tender held last year for development of the titanium-bearing heavy mineral sands in Chibuto district, in the southern province of Gaza, according to a report in Saturday’s issue of the Maputo daily “Noticias”.
- Irish company Kenmare Resources plc continued construction of the Moma mineral sands mine in 2006. The company planned to start mining in early 2007; the initial rate of ilmenite production was expected to be 700,000 t/yr. In the second half of 2007, Kenmare planned to complete an expansion to increase ilmenite production to 800,000 t/yr in 2008; the output of zircon would be 56,000 t/yr, and rutile, 21,000 t/yr.
- Savannah Resources announced in November 2014 that it had raised 1.3 million pounds (over two million US dollars) to fund its projects which include significant heavy mineral sands zones at its Jangamo deposit in the southern Mozambican province of Inhambane. Part of these funds will pay for defining the Jangamo deposit's reserves in line with the Australian code for reporting mineral resources, JORC. The company intends to complete this by the end of 2014.The license for the Jangamo deposit was originally held by the Mozambican company Matilda Minerals. Savannah acquired an 80 per cent interest in Matilda Minerals in October 2013.
- OmegaCorp Ltd is exploring the Mavuzi Project, located roughly 40 km northwest of the provincial centre of Tete in northwestern Mozambique and comprising four granted licences covering approximately 700 km2. The central licence covers the historical Mavuzi Uranium Mine. It is also exploring the The Zambezi Valley Project, approximately 300 km due west of Tete in northwestern Mozambique. The single licence covers over 600 km2 and lies on the border with Zimbabwe.
- Metals of Africa Limited (ASX:MTA) is an Australian based exploration company which is exploring its 100% owned Rio Mazoe Base Metals Project in Tete Province, central west Mozambique. The Rio Mazoe Project is an early stage of exploration project, with Tenements that cover a large area of a geological unit (Rushinga Metamorphic suite) that is recognised as being prospective for lead, zinc and silver mineralisation of a type similar to that at Broken Hill in New South Wales, Australia. Previous exploration by BHP Billiton and Afriminas has identified areas of anomalous base metal geochemistry including base metal gossans. Geophysical surveys have identified anomalies that the Company believes warrant further investigation, followed by drill testing. Metals of Africa announced in September 2013 the discovery of “a significant new base metals geochemical anomaly” at its Mazoe River project in the western province of Tete. According to the announcement, the anomaly, identified from soil sampling, is 2.5 kilometres long by 750 metres wide and it “hosts elevated zinc, lead and copper, plus manganese and phosphorus, among other elements”. Exploration, the company says, “is ongoing with extensive soil sampling and geological mapping to define drill targets, and a 1500 metre diamond drill programme to test priority targets is scheduled to commence next month”. The latest discovery is at the Rulio prospect in the Mazoe River project. Earlier discoveries in two other prospects found other “multi-element anomalies hosting elevated base metals, including lead, zinc and copper”. “The geochemical assemblages identified at the three prospects via the soil sampling programme is indicative of a geological system enriched in base metals”, the company added. It regards the high level of zinc, lead and copper mineralisation as an indicator for BHT (Broken Hill Type) deposits. This name derives from the Broken Hill ore deposit in New South Wales, Australia, which is believed to be the world's richest and largest zinc-lead deposit. Metals of Africa says that the Mazoe River project is still at an early stage, but the company is encouraged by the similarities with Broken Hill. The company has eight exploration licences, mostly in southern Tete, between the Mazoe and Luia rivers. The area is regarded as highly favourable, not only for zinc and lead, but also for silver.
- Memorandum of the delegation of the People's Republic of Mozambique on the coal deposits of that country; Coal exploration; proceedings of the First international coal exploration symposium
- Petroleum Developments in Central and Southern Africa in 1972
- Petroleum Developments in Central and Southern Africa in 1972
- Colored gems of East Africa
- Ergebnisse der Prospektion auf marine Seifenlagerstaetten vor der Kueste von Mocambique. Results of exploration in marine alluvial deposits off the coast of Mozambique; Rezente Lagerstaetten im marinen Bereich
- Laboruntersuchungen mariner Schwermineralsande aus Mocambique. Laboratory studies on marine heavy mineral sands from Mozambique
- Mineralisation de fluorine dans la region de Djanguire-Piroro (Chioco, Tete, Mocambique). Fluorite mineralization of the Djanguire-Piroro region, Mozambique
- Observations on gem manganotantalite from Morrua, Mozambique
- A preliminary account of bauxite in Rhodesia, Mozambique and Malawi
- Bauxite deposits in the SADC Region
- Contribuicao para o conhecimento da bauxitizacao dos macicos alcalinos das areas de Milange e Morrumbala. Bauxitization of alkaline massifs in the Milange and Morrumbala areas
- Contribution of termite mounds to locating hidden copper deposits
- Contribution of termites to development of Cu-Ni-Co anomalies as a guide to ore; a preliminary investigation in the Manica Belt, Mozambique
- Diamonds in the SADC Region
- Gadolinite e espessartina com ytrio do Monapo (Mocambique)
- Heavy mineral sand deposits in the SADC Region
- Jazigos de cobre no Distrito de Tete (Mocambique). Copper deposits in the Tete District, Mozambique
- Les mines de fer mondiales et la préparation des minerais - Afrique
- Recent iron ore formation in Lake Malawi, Africa
- Recursos minerais da Republica de Moçambique
- The Alto Ligonha Pegmatites, Mozambique
- Bases para um desenvolvimento mineiro de Mocambique. Basis for economic development of Mozambique
- Géoressources de l’Afrique :quelle vision et quel modèle de gestion pour un développement durable et une contribution au Nepad ?
- Mineralische Rohstoffe in Mocambique. Mineral resources of Mozambique
- The mining of bauxite in Mozambique; an economic survey
- The status of exploration geochemistry in Mozambique; Semana de geoquimica
- The status of exploration geochemistry in southern Africa
- The water resources inventory of Zambia; Volume 1, The Luangwa River basin
- Financing African mining developments; Mining activity survey
- Les mines de fer mondiales et la préparation des minerais - Afrique
- Dimension Stone in ACP Countries, n°1, Potential and projects in the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
- Industrial Minerals of Mozambique
- Alluvial gold mining constraints and opportunities for sustainable development in Manica, Mozambique
- Gold resources of Africa